General and Laparoscopic surgery
A laparoscopic surgery, also known as “minimally invasive surgery” or “keyhole surgery”, is a procedure wherein instead of one large incision, a few tiny incisions are made through which a laparoscope and the instruments for performing the surgery are inserted. A laparoscope is a thin tube with a camera attached to the front. Through this camera, the surgeon can then view the internal organs and operate.
Earlier, doctors used laparoscopies only for the purpose of diagnosing conditions. Later, when better techniques were developed, laparoscopic surgeries were more accepted by surgeons all over. Surgeries such as tubal ligation were performed in women, using laparoscopy. Nowadays, these techniques have advanced so much that surgeries that once needed large incisions can also be easily performed with this technique.